Original Research Article | OPEN ACCESS

Prevalence and pattern of antibiotics use among residents of Ilorin metropolis in north central Nigeria

Muslim O Jamiu1 , Abdulganiyu Giwa1, Ibrahim K Bello2, Kamaldeen Abu-saeed2

1Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Ilorin, Nigeria; 2Drug Information Unit, Department of Pharmacy, University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria; 3Drug Research and development Unit, Peace standard Pharmaceutical, Ilorin, Nigeria.

For correspondence:-  Muslim Jamiu   Email:  jamolakunle@gmail.com   Tel:  +2348055950932

Published: 31 December 2016

Citation: Jamiu MO, Giwa A, Bello IK, Abu-saeed K. Prevalence and pattern of antibiotics use among residents of Ilorin metropolis in north central Nigeria. J Sci Pract Pharm 2016; 3(1):97-104 doi: https://doi.org/10.47227/jsppharm/v3i1.4

© 2016 The author(s).
This is an Open Access article that uses a funding model which does not charge readers or their institutions for access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0) and the Budapest Open Access Initiative (http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/read), which permit unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited..


Purpose: Prevalence of inappropriate use of antibiotics is a common practice all over the world.  In  the  face  of  current  global  economic  downturn,  a  large  number  of  countries  are  facing  serious health challenges, with people finding it difficult to meet their health needs. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and pattern of antibiotic use among the residents of Ilorin.
Methods: The study was a cross sectional study with a-14 item questionnaire to assess the pattern of use of antibiotics among residents of Ilorin. A total of 350 interviewer administered questionnaires were used for the study. Data obtained include demographic, knowledge and pattern of antibiotic use. The data obtained were entered into SPSS version 16 and analyzed and results were presented descriptively in the texts, tables and charts. Chi square was used as inferential statistics for categorical variables using cross tabulation of results to determine level of significance. P-value F6; 0.05 was considered significant.
Results: The prevalence of antibiotic misuse was 85.6%. The most commonly misused antibiotic was ampicillin-cloxacillin (49%) followed by metronida-zole (45.1%) and tetracycline (38.0%). The most common ailments for self- medication were skin disease (59.1%), diarrhea / dysentery (52.1%) and cough. There was significant relationship between level of education and knowledge of antibiotics (p=0.001).  Level of education was also significantly associated with their knowledge of whether antibiotic should be used based on prescription or not (p=0.009). However, respondents’ gender did not influence their use of antibiotics without prescriptions (p=0.66).
Conclusion: The prevalence of misuse of antibiotics in Ilorin metropolis was high and cut across all adults, gender and educational level. Ampicillin/cloxacillin, tetracycline and metronidazole were the leading antibiotics misused by the residents in the study area

Keywords: Prevalence, antibiotics, inappropriate use, health challenges

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