Proceeding | OPEN ACCESS
Assessment of knowledge and attitude of HIV positive mothers on HAART towards infant feeding practices in two specialist hospitals

Ikponmwosa M Osarenmwinda , Penaere T Osahon

Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Benin, PMB 1154, Benin City, 300001, Nigeria.;

For correspondence:-  Ikponmwosa Osarenmwinda   Email: ikponmwosa.osarenmwinda@uniben.edu   Tel:+2348033925071

Published: 28 December 2018

Citation: Osarenmwinda IM, Osahon PT. Assessment of knowledge and attitude of HIV positive mothers on HAART towards infant feeding practices in two specialist hospitals. J Sci Pract Pharm 2018; 5(1):225-227 doi:

© 2018 The authors.
This is an Open Access article that uses a funding model which does not charge readers or their institutions for access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0) and the Budapest Open Access Initiative (http://www.budapestopenaccessinitiative.org/read), which permit unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly credited..

Abstract

Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess knowledge and attitude of HIV positive mothers to infant feeding and the associated factors affecting infant feeding practices.

Methods: Institution based cross sectional study was conducted among all HIV positive mothers on Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in two Specialist Hospitals. A modified WHO structured pre-tested questionnaire using interview technique was used for data collection. The data were analysed using SPSS version 20 statistical package.

Results: A total of 90 HIV positive mothers were included in the study. Knowledge of infant feeding practices among study population was  86.2% and 82.1% at both clinics had followed the recommended way of infant feeding practice while less than one-fifth (13.7% and 17.9%) had practiced mixed breast feeding. In logistic regression analysis, disclosure of HIV status, knowledge of first milk, parity and occupational status were found to be independently associated (p-value of < 0.05) with recommended infant feeding practice in Benin Centre.

Conclusion: This study identified higher proportion of the respondents at both institutions used the recommended way of infant feeding practice (EBF and RF). Mixed feeding, an undesirable practice in infant feeding was also reported. Major determinants of infant feeding practice were found to be disclosure of HIV status, knowledge of the advantages of the first milk (colostrum), parity and occupational status. There is need for a more extensive approach of breast feeding education for HIV positive mothers on HAART.

 

 

 

Keywords: HIV, HAART, infant, breastfeeding, attitude


Article Tools

Share this article with



Article status: Free
Fulltext in PDF
Similar articles in Google
Similar article in this Journal:

Archives

2018; 5: 
1,   2
2017; 4: 
1
2016; 3: 
1
2015; 2: 
1
2014; 1: 
1

News Updates